Sunday, May 24, 2020
With respect to the concerning question, there has been much controversy. It is evident that scholars have been divided when discussing the claim that the Study of Politics is a science. Aristotle described politics as the Ã¢â¬Å"master scienceÃ¢â¬ ; Hobbs, Pollock, Bryce and many others have long considered Politics to be a scientific study. Inversely, Mosca, Comte and Maitland, among others, question its eligibility. Ã¢â¬ ¨According to the Oxford Dictionaries, Science can be described as, Ã¢â¬Å"A systematically organised body of knowledge on a particular subjectÃ¢â¬ where Science is split into two key types: natural and social. It can be claimed that Politics is a social science. Before conducting an analysis into the claim it must be asserted that no scienceÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As referenced by Marsh and Stoker, A. Lawrence Lowell expressed that, Ã¢â¬Å"Politics is an observational not an experimental scienceÃ¢â¬ . LowellÃ¢â¬â¢s statement is demonstrated by Be haviouralism and Rational Choice Theory. Both Political approaches are often explored using quantified data to demonstrate and explain political behaviour. This, as given by the Oxford dictionaries definition and as further expanded by Lowell, indicates that, at least in part, Political Science uses its approaches to supply a systematic study to the observations of the natural world. In corroboration with Lowell, David Wearing suggests that to best critically analyse the claim it is necessary to Ã¢â¬Å"set aside moral values and political concerns in favour of detached enquiry into the mechanics of how the political world functions.Ã¢â¬ Wearing and Lowell further corroborate the opinions voiced by Marsh and Stoker in that they indicate that Political science is not functional without its scientific aspect. Behaviouralist, Choice Theorists and Political Economists use systematic behavioural models to determine political outcomes. While Politics, as explored by Marsh and Stoker, is uncommon and unlike other sciences, it still demonstrates scientific aspects. These aspects, described by Lowell as observational and by WearingShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Business Ethics Essay1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswe all know business ethics globally has been going on for years so other individual can see how each culture values their perspective for their country concerning how agreements are made, if we do not communicate with other countries it keeps countries in the blind and therefore agreements cannot be made. Business ethics is important when you are pertaining to other cultures especially when you need to know something about the country as well showing respect. Investing in other countries such asRead MoreContemporary English Version Bible Vs. Human Sexuality1354 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessexuality has had its ups and downs since sexuality has been perceived by different philosophies be these in the family the moral, the professional and even in the political (as in this where the laws are created, even when are contrary what it is establish God.) These same views have been seeing sexuality as something ugly, dirty or degrading and in many instances allowing many sexual issues as legal as the pornography, and prostitution. However there must be a foundation that does not question whatRead MorePlagiarism Essay1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI think there was far more plagiarism in the last century. It was almost an accepted part of writing. The ethics of writing has changed. Nobody gets upset about whether Shakespeare plagiarized something. But I think the standards have to be pretty high now, particularly for non-fiction writers.  Introduction to Plagiarism According to most leading authorities, including The Office of Research Integrity, plagiarism includes both the theft or misrepresentation of intellectual property and theRead MoreCommunication Lan1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestoward passing this attitude on to their employees. * Good Communication Ã¢â¬â communication is vital in any type of relationship whether it be Supervisor to Employee or President to the entire company. * Respectable Ã¢â¬â there should always be respect between the superiors, the employees, the customers, and anyone that individuals come into contact with. As a company, there should be a sense of togetherness no matter what department people are dedicated to. * Integrity Ã¢â¬â the company and theRead MoreInternational Management - Supreme Canning Company1030 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdeal with all kinds of restrictions concerning entering foreign countries. Marketers and finance managers play a key role when it comes to making decisions concerning entering a foreign country and managing worldwide money matters. It is extremely important for international marketers to possess insight into multinational finance and accounting functions, because traditions are heterogeneous from one country to another. This case contains a problem concerning two companies who come from differentRead MoreCalvin Christian High School s Advanced Placement1667 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdemographic questions and current political issues. The twelve students broke down into groups of four to formulate questions. After researching current topics and forming the questions, the class carefully critiqued each question to prevent bias, incoherency, or redundancy. After going through the long list of questions, the class voted, and nine questions were selected, and thus transferred to the official poll. The last step in designing the poll was deciding on what demographic questions the classRead MoreConcerns Over Health Care Services in Finland1229 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescare services. When produce municipal renewal, ethical issues is concerning about citizens equal right to health care. This topic is particularly concerning immigrants, refugees or other minorities too as older people and handicapped people. It conc erns also people in rural area or smaller cities. In other hand this is about citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ equal possibility to take care of them and participate to health related issues. Other issue concerning immigrants is medical care of people without ID card or passportRead MoreA Good Number Of Socio Economic Rights Essay984 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesrightsÃ¢â¬â¢. A good number of socio-economic rights have been recognized simultaneously with civil and political rights as human rights in the Bill of Rights on an equal level without enlisting them separately under their own heading so as to emphasize the interdependence and indivisibility of the different generations of rights. In respect to the recognition of these socio-economic rights, the constitution-makers called it Ã¢â¬Ënorm-settingÃ¢â¬â¢ and concerning the enforcement of these rights they called it Ã¢â¬ËnormRead MoreEthics1435 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSome Fundamental Concepts in EthicsEthics may be broadly defined as that division of philosophy which deals with questions concerning the nature of value in matters of human conduct.While virtually all people are concerned with making ethical judgments and decisions, philosophers in particular are concerned toÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã a) explicate the nature of such judgments in generalÃ andÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã b) provide criteria for determining what is ethically right or wrong, andÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã c) analyze the groundsRead MoreA Case Study Of New Zealands Leading Tax Practice1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinvestigations and disputes. The Tax team has participated in all aspects of the tax reform process, including appearing before parliamentary committees and making representations at ministerial level. Close involvement in the tax reform process means that all team members are familiar with the latest developments in law and procedure, and have a full appreciation of the approach of the policy makers and tax administration. Almost every transaction the firm advises on has tax implications for our clients
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Market Revolution drastically increased industry in the United States. Its emphasis on economic development caused people to limit the rights of others for the sake of expansion and progress. Liberty overall contracts during the Market Revolution since opportunities for economic freedom and personal liberty have been restricted for various groups because the new economic way of thinking amplified disparities that had already existed before the Market Revolution. The Market Revolution adversely affected the liberty of Native Americans residing within the United States because they were seen as an obstacle to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic progress. As the Market Revolution ideas of commerce and expansion took hold in the minds of the people, these white citizens shared the view that Native Americans were hindering the goal of expansion. The citizens believed it was their God-sanctioned right to settle the West (Manifest Destiny) and the Native Americans stood in the way. Conflicts with Native Americans have existed in America since the first settlers, but with the increased emphasis on commerce and development brought by the Market Revolution, the relations worsened. In 1823, during the case of Johnson v MÃ¢â¬â¢Intosh, the Supreme Court claimed that Native Americans only had the Ã¢â¬Å"right of occupancyÃ¢â¬ on their land, and that they did not own it. In 1830, under JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s administration, the Indian Removal Act was created which tried to move the 5 Civilized Tribes out of their lands.Show MoreRelatedLiberty Overall Contracts During The Market Revolution978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLiberty overall contracts during the Market Revolution since opportunities for economic freedom and political liberty has been restricted for various groups because the new economic way of thinking amplified disparities that had already existed before the Market Revolution. The Market Revolution adversely affected the liberty of Native Americans residing within the United States because they were seen as an obstacle to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic progress. As the Market Revolution ideas of commerceRead MoreEssay on Dbq Anerican Revolution1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesextent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American society? In your answer, be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. The American Revolution was a critical turning point in American history. Following the French and Indian War, Britain ignored its previous policy of salutary neglect and began intervening in the colonies affairs through taxes, occupation of soldiers, violation of civil liberties, all the whileRead MoreAsfasf754 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages 1. The Second Industrial Revolution a. Explain how patterns of exchange, markets, and private enterprise have developed, and analyze ways that governments have responded to economic issues. b. Analyze how technological innovation has affected economic development and society. c. Explain how interpretations of the Constitution and debates over rights, liberties, and definitions of citizenship have affected American values, politics, and society. d. Explain how interpretationsRead MoreThe Effects Of Slavery In Soul By Soul By Walter Johnson1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe Market Revolution. In the novel Soul by Soul, by Walter Johnson, the author exploits the effects of slavery on the people involved with slave trade in the south. It also shows the reader just how vital slavery is to the Market Revolution, and how the consumers culture, in turn, shaped personal identities. Both slavery and the Market Revolution shaped presidential campaigns, Supreme Court cases, and lead to the start of the Civil War. One of the most important features that affected the marketRead MoreJacksonian Dbq1652 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswas a period of American history full of contradictions, especially in regard to democracy. The period saw an increase in voter participation, nominating committees replaced caucuses, and electors began to be popularly elected. Yet, all of these voting changes affected only a minority of the American people: White, Anglo-Saxon males. So, though one can easily tell that White, Anglo-Saxon males were gaining true liberty and equality, the millions of women. Blacks, Native Americans, immigrants, andRead MoreThe Presidency and Ideologies of Andrew Jackson Essay927 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAndrew JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ideologies and presidency engulf a large part of the 19th century. In his plight to rid the country of corruption he not only transformed the American system, but he also motivated others to reform society. Robert ReminiÃ¢â¬â¢s stated that Ã¢â¬Å"reformers were intent on raising the life of man by putting it in harmony with his idea of the Beautiful and the Just.Ã¢â¬ This statement truly explains the different reforms that develop politically, economically, socially, and culturally during theRead MoreMotives for English Imperialism1916 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesImperialism Empires seek various prompts to help them expand their rule to other countries and territories. Amongst these motives include, economic gain, exploratory, political, religious and ethnocentric motives. Due to the large importation of American crops, EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s population doubled in size. With all the new people migrating to England, people started to compete for food, clothing and housing. This led to inflation of England. The increase number of people looking for works caused a decreasedRead MoreThe Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution by Thomas P. Slaugther1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat one must place the frontier at the center of the great political debates of the era and fully explore the ideological, social, political, and personal contexts surrounding the episode in order to fully understand the importance of its place in American history. In doing so the author has produced a very readable work that may be enjoyed by casual readers, who will likely find the individual vignettes which open each chapter particularly fascinating, and a highly useful basis of further researchRead MoreWomen During The Nineteenth Century : Women And The Trail Of T ears1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescolor (African, Native-Indian) and lower class women who were forced to work under dire conditions were deemed Ã¢â¬Å"invisibleÃ¢â¬ to this movement. Considering they did not fit the standards of race and class, their position as Ã¢â¬Å"womenÃ¢â¬ or citizens was not fought for. Evidence of this issue lies in the document edited by Miriam Schneir Ã¢â¬Å"Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiment and ResolutionsÃ¢â¬ and its failure to include ethnic women. To further address the reality of degradation that slave, native, and impoverishedRead MoreKey Themes Of The Great Awakening1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the context of HIST 2010, some of the key themes that Americans believe are true about themselves are the American passion for freedom which is fundamental from the New England separatists to the Civil Rights Movement. The pursuit of education means new freedom requires more education. Another theme is unquestioned fanatic in the value of governme nt. American are willing to expire me to new things. We are a very open country. Americans do not feel constrained by the past. America believes they
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
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Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about a Report for Sociology of Health. Answer: As stated by "World Health Organization" Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." In other words, health can be defined as the extent of efficacy regarding metabolism and functionality of living organism. There are various determinants of health such as social status, income, social environment, physical environment, working condition, genetics, culture, gender, and education. In order to get cured of an unhealthy condition, the health practitioners recommend medicine. According to the medical model, medicine is a technical tool to fix broken bodies. The medical practices have helped to understand the power of biomedical dissertation of health and illness, and also these practices have helped to fix the concepts socially. In this report the sociological aspect of health and illness will be discussed, and the extent of social control exercised by the medical profession will also be illustrated. The proper definition of health has advanced with time. The early concept of health-focused mainly on the theme related to the body's ability to work and the health was thought to a normal state of one's body whose function may get interrupted anytime by disease. In the year 1980 during the health promotion movement, WHO revised the definition of the term health. It was stated that it is a concept to reflect the extent of realization about the desires and satisfaction of needs by an individual. The mental, emotional, intellectual and social health is terms which are referred to the capability of a person to cope up with stress, maintain relationships, and achieve skills. All these form resources for a liberal and resiliency are living. In medical sociology there is a term used to denote sickness and also the right and compulsions of an unhealthy individual are known as sick role. The sick role is decisively depending on the reciprocities of a robustly capitalist accomplishment society which notifies normative prospects in the sector of health and illness. The sick role theory was conceptualized by Talcott Parsons in the year 1951. According to this researcher, the "sick role" was observed as a state of deviance where the individual will have an absence of the usual standards in terms of the social behavior. According to the "sick role theory," every individual is considered and expected to be productive participants in the society. However, in situations where an individual is sick, his or her absence or incapability to carry out her work will be considered as deviance and it will also be approved by the society. In order to sanction the deviance of a person, the certification from a medical expert is necessary since such a process legitimates the illness of the concerned person. There are two rights and two responsibilities of an ill person. First of all, a person has the right for which that person cannot be blamed for his or her sickness and secondly the right to provide any leeway for someone else as normal obligations. The two responsibilities of a patient involve prioritizing the fact of getting well and seeking for a proper clinical treatment for his or her health condition. Such rights and responsibilities are therefore temporary and only applicable for an individual when he or she is sick. The Sick role theory offers an insight into an experience that has an impact on every individual of the community at one point or the other in their life. The sick role theory aims at treating an individual and thereby relieving that patient from his or her social duties and responsibilities. Talcott Parsons was a sociologist who examined the relationship between a doctor and a patient. He analyzed the response of the society and its smooth functioning to the issues of deviance. According to him the roles and responsibilities of a doctor and his patient is represented as an ideal model. He stated that the role of an ill person includes four normal expectations. First of they might need to give up certain normal activities, secondly, they are considered to be one who needs care. Thirdly, the desire to get well as soon as possible and lastly, seeking clinical advice from the doctor by maintaining a healthy relationship are the roles of a patient. In terms of the roles of a doctor the role is quite complementary to the role of the patient. As the patients need to cooperate with the medical professionals, the role of the doctors is to provide their knowledge and skills in order to serve their patient and also act in regards to the welfare of the community rather than working for their own interest. One significant feature that is expected from a medical practitioner is that he or she should not be emotionally attached to his or her patient rather he or she should be objective about his work and should be completely guided by the set of rules of the medical practices. An important determinant of the nature of doctor patient relationship is the clinical practices of the doctor. In the present days it has been observed that due to the elevation in the general practice number along with the involvement of the nurses, counselors, health visitors, etc. in the primary care have introduced complications and challenges in achieving a go od inter-professional communication to maintain the quality of care. The term social control has come from the concept of sociological adaptation put forwarded by the Darwin. There have been several theories given on social control. With the advent and growth in the field of the medicine, it is considered that there is a specific medical treatment for all types of illness whether it is a physical or mental illness. Therefore, a person who fails to put himself or herself in the hands of a right medical professional is considered to be guilty. Report states the medical or the paramedical professionals are more immune to corruption than the judicial professionals. One of the biggest determinants of health is society. History reveals the fact that Drapetomania is a mental disorder that has originated from plantation of slaves in the U.S. This proofs that social environment plays an important role in health of a community. Early days people were alert on criticizing traditional medical outlook was as being value-laden and highlighted the social control exerted by health professionals through the practice of medicine. Only during the 1980s, biomedical models physiological aspects were focused. According to Marxism, the medical profession on examination reveals the use of power and prestige by involving the use of medical terminology to exclude the subordinates. Although the field of medicalization has been a blessing to the society, there are many scholars who criticize this for causing disregard and overarching of the social attires. The present physicians acts authoritatively and control the patients health matters. But in the current generatio n the patients economy has changed thus once who were the passive victims of clinical trials, now occupy active place in participating in making clinical decisions. The aim of a medical professional should be provide best of the medical treatment to their patients by applying their clinical skills and best of their knowledge. Poor medical care is similarly dysfunctional for civilization, as public those who are ill countenance greater complexity in becoming healthy and individual who are well are more probable to fall ill. According to Parsons theory on sick role, sickness is a state which can be exploited but patient themselves sometimes allow them to get exploited. For example the medical practitioners, health insurance companies, etc. bring about the exploitation. The field of medicine has been has been a boon to the society. Within the few years the society has experienced diversity in the clinical field and new therapies, tools and medicines has been invented to treat diseases that had no answer in the past. In the present generation, the doctors provide best medical treatments to the patients in partnership with the medical agencies. The inequality that existed previously is no more in terms of profession or social status which was evident in the history of British welfare state. The circumstances have changed, and the medical profession has proved to be successful for various accomplishments. In the past all the economics was regarded as political economy and the economists accepted the parameters within which markets work were determined by history and politics. The "political economy" of one's health refers to an organisms body of examination and a viewpoint on health policy that seeks to appreciate the circumstances which form populace health and service growth within the broader macro economic and political framework. The economic growth leads to development and elevation of the resources for health and vice-versa. The existing health care financing system, a community accustomed to instant access to experts and skill, and our communal eagerness for technical novelty as the major evaluate of development for the health system may guide to inertia and chunk change. Health can be defined as the extent of efficacy in terms of metabolism and functionality of living organism. There are various determinants of health such as social status, income, social environment, physical environment, working condition, genetics, culture, gender, and education. The medical practices have helped to understand the power of biomedical dissertation of health and illness, and also these practices have helped to fix the concepts socially. The "sick role theory" was conceptualized by Talcott Parsons in the year 1951. According to this researcher, the "sick role" was observed as a state of deviance where the individual will have an absence of the usual standards in terms of the social behavior. Both the doctor and the patient have certain roles and responsibilities to achieve success in terms of health. The field of medicine has been having been a boon to the society. Within the few years, the society has experienced diversity in the clinical field and new therapies, to ols and medicines have been invented to treat diseases that had no answer in the past. Thus it can be concluded that the progress in medicine, for both individual and community health, has forever depended significantly on information from and concerning individuals. References: Ayres, T.C. and Bond, J.W., 2012. A chemical analysis examining the pharmacology of novel psychoactive substances freely available over the internet and their impact on public (ill) health. Legal highs or illegal highs?.BMJ open,2(4), p.e000977. Berk, M., Berk, L., Dodd, S., Fitzgerald, P.B., de Castella, A.R., Filia, S., Filia, K., Brnabic, A.J., Kelin, K., Montgomery, W. and Kulkarni, J., 2013. The sick role, illness cognitions and outcomes in bipolar disorder.Journal of affective disorders,146(1), pp.146-149. Bland, M., 2015.An introduction to medical statistics. Oxford University Press (UK). Burnham, J.C., 2014. Why sociologists abandoned the sick role concept.History of the Human Sciences,27(1), pp.70-87. Chrisp, T.A.C., Tabberer, S. and Thomas, B.D., 2013. Bounded autonomy in deciding to seek medical help: Carer role, the sick role and the case of dementia.Journal of health psychology,18(2), pp.272-281. Cockerham, W.C., 2014.Medical sociology. John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Cossar, J.H., 2015. Travellers health: A medical perspective.Health and the International Tourist (Routledge Revivals), p.23. Fairhead, J. and Leach, M., 2012.Vaccine Anxieties:" Global Science, Child Health and Society". Taylor Francis. Gabe, J. and Monaghan, L., 2013.Key concepts in medical sociology. Sage. Jones, H., 2014.Health and Society in Twentieth Century Britain. Routledge. Lee, K.S. and Sung, K.M., 2015. Effects of an Individualized Cardiac Rehabilitation Education Program on Knowledge about Coronary Artery Disease, Compliance of Sick Role, and Vascular Health Status in Patients of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing,18(2), pp.135-144. MikÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã Meyer, N. and Obling, A.R., 2012. The negotiation of the sick role: general practitioners classification of patients with medically unexplained symptoms.Sociology of health illness,34(7), pp.1025-1038. Walker, S.R. and Rosser, R.M. eds., 2012.Quality of life assessment: key issues in the 1990s. Springer Science Business Media. World Health Organization, 2013.Global tuberculosis report 2013. World Health Organization. World Health Organization, 2013.Oral health surveys: basic methods. World Health Organization. Wu, D., Wang, Y., Lam, K.F. and Hesketh, T., 2014. Health system reforms, violence against doctors and job satisfaction in the medical profession: a cross-sectional survey in Zhejiang Province, Eastern China.BMJ open,4(12), p.e006431.